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How to Professionally Refinish Your Stock

1. Remove all hardware from stock and place together in a container.  Label the container.

2. Strip old finish and rinse surface.  Hang up to dry for at least 24 hours.

3. If wood is oil contaminated, immerse in solvent.  Remove from solvent, let dry for 24 hours, and check. Re-immerse in solvent until wood dries clean and uncontaminated.

4. Wet with weak stain/water mixture and dry with heat gun.  Sand with 100 grit paper on a sanding block.  Remove all defects with this sanding.  Lightly sand with 100 grit paper hand-held, except on flats, to remove any ridges left by the sanding block.

5. Wet with weak stain/water mixture and dry with heat gun.  Sand with 150 grit paper on a sanding block to remove the previous grit sanding scratches. Lightly sand with 150 grit paper hand-held, except on flats, to remove any ridges left by the sanding block.

6. Wet with plain water and dry with heat gun.  Sand with 220 grit paper on a sanding block to remove the previous grit sanding scratches. Lightly sand with 220 grit paper hand-held, except on flats, to remove any ridges left by the sanding block.

7. Wet with plain water, dry with heat gun, and remove whiskers with synthetic steel wool. Hang to dry for at least 8 hours.

8. Tape off remaining checkering with masking tape so it won’t fill with sealer.

9. Check for oil spots.  Wipe any found with solvent.  Repeat until gone.  Let dry for at least 12 hours.

10. Apply sealer generously, wipe off excess with a clean paper towel, wait 5 minutes, apply again to dry spots, wipe off excess with a clean paper towel, wait 5 minutes and apply again (3 coats).  Wipe off excess with a clean paper towel and let dry for 12 hours. Lightly sand with 220 grit paper to remove the surface build up of sealer, being careful not to sand through to unsealed wood.

11. Apply filler with a folded paper towel, cover entire stock, and immediately wipe off excess with clean paper towels across the grain.  Let the filler dry for 12 hours.  Do this 3 times, then let the last coat dry for 48 hours.  Lightly sand with 220 grit paper to remove excess filler, being careful not to sand through the sealer.

12. Apply stain to any sap wood spots with a folded paper towel and let dry.  Reapply to darken.  Dry for 24 hours.

13. Apply finish.  Apply at least 10 thin coats, dry for 12 to 24 hours in between coats.

14. Re-cut the checkering pattern.  Brush a coat of finish into the checkering and scrub in with an M-16 brush.  Wipe off excess.  Let stock dry for 7 days.

15. Sand lightly with 600 grit paper to remove dust nibs, and polish with 2x pumice and water on a cotton or felt pad.  Wash and wipe clean and dry.

16. For low gloss, polish again with 4x pumice and water on a cotton pad. Wash and wipe clean and dry.

17. For medium gloss polish again with rotten-stone and water on cloth pad.

18. For high gloss, rub on a thin coat of finish and let dry for 4 days.

 

Picture credit:  http://www.flickr.com/photos/23531325@N00/95968118/

 

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